The Ark has been designed by Russian firm Remistudio with the assistance of the International Union of Architects’ program Architecture For Disaster Relief.
Alexander Remizov, of Remistudio, said: ‘For architecture there are two major concerns.
‘The first is maintenance of security and precautions against extreme environmental conditions and climate changes. The second one is protection of natural environment from human activities.
‘The Ark is an attempt to answer the challenges of our time.
‘Provision is made for an independent life support system.
‘All the plants are chosen according to compatibility, illumination and efficiency of oxygen producing, and with the aim of creating an attractive and comfort space.
‘Through the transparent roof there is enough light for plants and for illuminating the inner rooms.’